"What's the use of human rights treaties if our communities suffer massive discrimination every day?"; "Why do governments continue to violate human rights with impunity?"; "How can we all fight to overcome racism and rejection of Roma and Sinti communities?" These are some of the questions that Roma and Sinti activists discussed with us in Rome during the training course jointly organised by the Associazione 21 Luglio, Amnesty International, and the ERRC. From the 25 April to the 3 May, ten young Roma leaders are going to enrich their understanding of how human rights applies to the situations Roma face. The training course is focusing on human rights principles and standards, legal protection mechanisms, anti-discrimination law, campaigning and advocacy, gender, combating evictions, and other issues. Perhaps most importantly, this week will foster the development of a network of Roma and Sinti activists in Italy aimed at protecting the respect of the rights of Roma and increasing the level of action by Roma on behalf of their communities.